J O U R N A L 

It is never too late to be what you ought to have been. George Eliot


Canada West 1841–1867  (Upper Canada 1791–1841, Ontario, 1867–)

Thayendanegea Joseph Brant. How does demonization work?

Bargaining is fraught with danger. You may pick the wrong prize. You may make a deal with the wrong person(s). You may wager the wrong amount and lose more than you can afford. The wrong partner may trick you to ruin the deal. A bad bargain is awful enough. But what happens when you cannot… Read more …

The Grand River Navigation Company Swindle

This story is about a scandal. By the time the digging stops on the Grand River Navigation canal system, the Crown will have, once again, robbed and left destitute the Indigenous allies.   Upper Canada’s William Hamilton Merritt and David Thompson 1 are entrepreneurs and visionaries and they catch a bug. They catch “canal fever,” which, along with… Read more …

Trumpeting the Mohawk trilogy

SKY WALKER TEHAWENNIHÁRHOS: CHARTER “Another highlight comes in the minor characters, who are brought to life in a multidimensional way that makes the Sky Walker Tehawennihárhos: Charter universe immersive and realistic. All characters leave a lasting impression, even those as tertiary as Miles Finlen, the tall, gruff barkeep who works tirelessly to maintain respect for… Read more …

BROOKLEA-Davisville

Davis Hamlet or Davisville is on the farm of Mohawk Chief Thomas Tehonwawenkaragwen Davis. Currently the site of Laurier University and Professor Gary Warrick’s archaeological dig, Davisville is situated northwest of Ohsweken and Brantford, and south of Paris. Davisville is there some time before the European villages of Brantford or Paris exist. And before Davisville, Haudenosaunee… Read more …

There is a difference: United Empire Loyalists and late loyalists

The American Revolution blazes a hasty trail to British Québec and the blazing continues into Upper and Lower Canada until 1815. Two kinds of American folkways come to Upper and Lower Canada: first round (pro British) in 1784, and second round (pro American) post 1790. Ruth McConnell says the immediate effect of the American Revolution (1775-1783)… Read more …

Sky Walker Tehawennihárhos: CHARTER

Canadian folkways lean on immigrants’ and Indigenous’ stories. In Minsos Mohawk trilogy “the complexities of the era are thoroughly researched and accurately imparted, as evidenced by the detail in both the book and its lengthy introduction. These historical trials are never intrusive in the text; they are always incorporated in a relatable way.” Lillian Brown… Read more …

“Canajoharie Joseph Brant” and Thayendanegea’s mansion

There is much to love in James Paxton’s Joseph Brant and his world: 18th century Mohawk warrior and statesman (2008). Exceptional writing and heart-rending illustrations and even the book’s silky pages. More to love is Paxton’s thesis: Joseph Brant is an 18th century Mohawk warrior and Pine Tree Chief who understands as well as any modern Canadian the necessity… Read more …

Ruthven Park, Cayuga, Ontario

The lie Ruthven Park tells, through omission, is one with both a long nose (plain to see) and short legs (doesn’t withstand scrutiny through time and space). David Thompson 1 was not a law-abiding person nor an honourable businessman. A fascinating character, he was nonetheless a schemer and a fraudster. The historic site’s failure to mention… Read more …