The Grand River. Ouse. Tinaatoua.

The Grand River is situated  in southwestern Ontario. From its source near Wareham it flows southeast through the Grand valley–Fergus, Elora, Waterloo, Kitchener, Galt/Cambridge, Paris, Brantford, Ohsweken, Caledonia, and Cayuga–before emptying into the north shore of Lake Erie south of Dunnville at Port Maitland.

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In 1784 the Grand River/Tinaatoua and lands adjacent to the river for six miles on either side, including timber and minerals, were the property and within the sovereignty of the Six Nations Confederacy, allies of the British Crown during the American rebellion of 1776-1783. The Six Nations are Mohawk, Oneida, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga and Tuscarora. For sixty years after the birth of the USA, the Crown and the Family Compact colluded to overwhelm the Confederacy’s territory with settlers. They manipulated the people into surrendering land via the Grand River Navigation Company swindle. Issues of land claims and Haudenosaunee sovereignty remain before the courts.

feature image: catching fish in a weir

1 Grand River, photo credit Eric Praetzel

 

 

Stories that feature The Grand River. Ouse. Tinaatoua.

The Grand River Navigation Company Swindle

This story is about a scandal. By the time the digging stops on the Grand River Navigation System, colonials will have, once again, robbed and left destitute their invaluable Indigenous allies, who have already lost everything on account of Great Britain.   Upper Canada’s William Hamilton Merritt and David Thompson 1 are entrepreneurs and visionaries and... Read more …

“Canajoharie Joseph Brant” and Thayendanegea’s mansion

There is much to love in James Paxton’s Joseph Brant and his world: 18th century Mohawk warrior and statesman (2008). Exceptional writing and heart-rending illustrations and even the book’s silky pages. More to love is Paxton’s thesis: Joseph Brant is an 18th century Mohawk warrior and Pine Tree Chief who understands as well as any modern Canadian the necessity... Read more …

Thayendanegea Joseph Brant (Rumpelstiltskin)

Bargaining is fraught with danger. You may pick the wrong prize. You may make a deal with the wrong person(s). You may wager the wrong amount and lose more than you can afford. The wrong partner may trick you to ruin the deal. A bad bargain is awful enough. But what happens when you cannot make the good... Read more …

Joseph Thayendanegea Brant by Gilbert Stuart sells for $7.5 million

Joseph Thayendanegea Brant (and his Volunteers) and John Butler (and his Rangers) pretty much save Canada/British North America for the Crown during American revolution. Artistic and/or historical worth to Canada of Gilbert Stuart‘s portrait of Thayendanegea is priceless. If value were a cow the painting would jump over the silvery moon. The Haudenosaunee’s Mohawk Pine Tree Chief wears... Read more …

The War of 1812: ‘The Bloody Assize’ and the creation of a Canadian folkway

“The contortions of the poor men so shook the loosely constructed gallows that a heavy brace became loosened and fell, striking one of the victims on the head and killing him instantly, thus relieving him from the tortures of the rope. After the men had been duly strangled, their heads were chopped off and exhibited... Read more …