The Grand River. Ouse. Tinaatoua.

The Grand River is situated  in southwestern Ontario. From its source near Wareham it flows southeast through the Grand valley–Fergus, Elora, Waterloo, Kitchener, Galt/Cambridge, Paris, Brantford, Ohsweken, Caledonia, and Cayuga–before emptying into the north shore of Lake Erie south of Dunnville at Port Maitland.

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In 1784 the Grand River/Tinaatoua and lands adjacent to the river for six miles on either side, including timber and minerals, were the property and within the sovereignty of the Six Nations Confederacy, allies of the British Crown during the American rebellion of 1776-1783. The Six Nations are Mohawk, Oneida, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga and Tuscarora. For sixty years after the birth of the USA, the Crown and the Family Compact colluded to overwhelm the Confederacy’s territory with settlers. They manipulated the people into surrendering land via the Grand River Navigation Company swindle. Issues of land claims and Haudenosaunee sovereignty remain before the courts.

feature image: catching fish in a weir

1 Grand River, photo credit Eric Praetzel

 

 

Stories that feature The Grand River. Ouse. Tinaatoua.

The Devil Joseph Brant

Who is  Joseph Brant (Thayendanegea), and why should Canada know him? Joseph Brant is a fact. He is a seminal fact behind Canada’s very existence. American writers have written with fascination about Brant, beginning with William Leete Stone. (Life of Joseph Brant-Thayendanegea: including the border wars of the American revolution and sketches of the Indian... Read more …

The Grand River Navigation Company: The Grand Swindle

Speaking of not paying . . . The [Grand River Navigation Company] of Upper Canada (Canadian West and Canada) never pays the Six Nations for non-surrendered expropriated land nor returns a single penny of investment but most remarkable is this turnaround: the canal company is forever in need of cash infusions and uses up Six Nations’ capital monies in fifteen years. The... Read more …

James Paxton on Joseph Brant.

There is much to love in James Paxton’s Joseph Brant and his world: 18th century Mohawk warrior and statesman (2008) – exceptional writing and heart-rending illustrations and even the book’s silky pages. More to love is Paxton’s thesis: Joseph Brant is an 18th century Mohawk warrior and Pine Tree Chief who understands as well as any modern Canadian the necessity... Read more …

The Markham Gang Ontario

“Gang members took an oath of secrecy. They vowed to support each other in any way possible. They pledged to provide alibis in case they were arrested, and to back each other in court. This was a homegrown, nineteenth century Canadian ‘Mafia,’ a ‘mob,’ one of the earliest known cases of organized crime in British... Read more …

United Empire Loyalists versus late loyalists

Summary: The history of Canada provides a good example of a 180° shift in hegemonic manners, from republican to monarchist. Anti-American rhetoric, a manner so well appreciated in English-speaking Canada, has its early beginnings in loyalty. Loyalty-to-the-Crown is an English-Canadian manner, which is quickly adopted and adapted to a new circumstance – often allowing, sans... Read more …