The Grand River. Ouse. Tinaatoua.

The Grand River is situated  in southwestern Ontario. From its source near Wareham it flows southeast through the Grand valley–Fergus, Elora, Waterloo, Kitchener, Galt/Cambridge, Paris, Brantford, Ohsweken, Caledonia, and Cayuga–before emptying into the north shore of Lake Erie south of Dunnville at Port Maitland.

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In 1784 the Grand River/Tinaatoua and lands adjacent to the river for six miles on either side, including timber and minerals, were the property and within the sovereignty of the Six Nations Confederacy, allies of the British Crown during the American rebellion of 1776-1783. The Six Nations are Mohawk, Oneida, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga and Tuscarora. For sixty years after the birth of the USA, the Crown and the Family Compact colluded to overwhelm the Confederacy’s territory with settlers. They manipulated the people into surrendering land via the Grand River Navigation Company swindle. Issues of land claims and Haudenosaunee sovereignty remain before the courts.

feature image: catching fish in a weir

1 Grand River, photo credit Eric Praetzel

 

 

Stories that feature The Grand River. Ouse. Tinaatoua.

United Empire Loyalists versus late loyalists

The American Revolution blazes a hasty trail to British Québec and the blazing continues into Upper and Lower Canada until 1815. Two kinds of American folkways come to Upper and Lower Canada: first round (pro British) in 1784, and second round (pro American) post 1790. Ruth McConnell says the immediate effect of the American Revolution (1775-1783)... Read more …

The Grand River Navigation Company Swindle

This story is about a scandal – a scandal of incredible proportion. By the time the digging stops on the Grand River Navigation canal system, the Crown will have, once again, robbed and left destitute its Indigenous allies.   Upper Canada’s William Hamilton Merritt and David Thompson 1 are entrepreneurs and visionaries and they catch a bug.... Read more …

Joseph Brant.

Bargaining is fraught with danger. You may pick the wrong prize. You may make a deal with the wrong person(s). You may wager the wrong amount and lose more than you can afford. The wrong partner may trick you to ruin the deal. A bad bargain is awful enough. But what happens when you are... Read more …

BROOKLEA-Davisville-Brantford

BOOKLEA! Davis Hamlet or Davisville is on the farm of Mohawk Chief Thomas Tehonwawenkaragwen Davis. Currently the site of Laurier University and Professor Gary Warrick’s archaeological dig, Davisville is situated northwest of Ohsweken and Brantford, and south of Paris. Davisville is there some time before the European villages of Brantford or Paris exist. And before Davisville,... Read more …

The Markham Gang Ontario

“Gang members took an oath of secrecy. They vowed to support each other in any way possible. They pledged to provide alibis in case they were arrested, and to back each other in court. This was a homegrown, nineteenth century Canadian ‘Mafia,’ a ‘mob,’ one of the earliest known cases of organized crime in British... Read more …